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Title of Paper: Choice of foods and ingredients for moderately malnourished children 6 months to 5 years of age.

Type of Paper: Review

Purpose: In 2008, the World Health Organization (WHO) organized a meeting on the nutrient needs and the dietary management of moderate malnutrition in children under 5 years of age. This paper was written as a background paper for the meeting and was included in the special issue on the Dietary Management of Moderate Malnutrition in the Food and Nutrition Bulletin. The purpose of this paper was to review the nutritional needs of children with moderate malnutrition and to review the foods and ingredients to treat this malnutrition.

Introduction:

Diets for Children with Moderate Malnutrition:

Conclusions:

Diets used for treating moderate malnutrition should have a high content of animal-source foods (e.g., milk protein), and a low content of fiber and antinutrients. However, such diets may be expensive. Infants and children are more vulnerable to the effects of antintutrients, including phytates and insoluble fiber. Appropriate food processing methods should be used to limit the negative effects of antinutrients. Increased fat content is important for increasing energy density. Fat quality is also important in improving the diets of moderately malnourished children, and n-3 (omega 3) fatty acids need to be promoted.

Reference:

Michaelsen KF, Hoppe C, Roos N, et al. Choice of foods and ingredients for moderately malnourished children 6 months to 5 years of age. Food Nutr Bull. 2009;30:S343-404.


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