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Title of Paper: Current and potential role of specially formulated foods and food supplements for preventing malnutrition among 6-23 months old and treating moderate malnutrition among 6-59 months old children

Type of Paper: Review

Purpose: In 2008, the World Health Organization (WHO) organized a meeting on the nutrient needs and the dietary management of moderate malnutrition in children under 5 years of age. This paper was written as a background paper for the meeting and was included in the special issue on the Dietary Management of Moderate Malnutrition in the Food and Nutrition Bulletin. The purpose of this paper was to review the options for providing a nutritious diet to prevent and treat moderate malnutrition in children given the common limitations faced by many malnourished populations, such as poverty and food insecurity.

Introduction:

Dietary Intervention Options for Treating and Preventing Moderate Malnutrition:

Conclusions:

The ideal method to treat and prevent moderate malnutrition in children is to give advice on how to improve the local diets, specifically, by giving advice on which foods to consume. However, this is only a feasible option in populations where there is no food insecurity. In populations with food insecurity, most supplementary feeding programs for moderately malnourished children have provided fortified blended foods; however these foods have not been adapted for children and have many dietary limitations for young children. More research is needed on modifying RUTFs and fortified blended foods so that they meet the nutritional requirements to prevent and treat moderate malnutrition in young children.

Reference:

e Pee S, Bloem MW. Current and potential role of specially formulated foods and food supplements for preventing malnutrition among 6-23 months old and treating moderate malnutrition among 6-59 months old children. Food Nutr Bull. 2009;30:S434-463.


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