Food as a Source of Nutrients

Type of Paper: Report completed by an expert consultation and published by the World Health Organization jointly with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

Introduction to Food-Based Dietary Guidelines: The purpose of this chapter is to define and discuss the use of food-based guidelines to improve micronutrient intake and status.

Examples of Dietary Diversification: Dietary diversification is a feature of FBDGs aimed at improving micronutrient nutrition. The following are examples of how dietary diversification can improve cereal- and tuber- based diets (diets based on rice, corn, wheat, potato or cassava). Cereal- and tuber-based diets are consumed by two-thirds of the global population.

Practices to Improve Dietary Diversification on a Community-Wide Level

The Role of Fortification and Supplementation

Conclusions on Food-Based Dietary Guidelines

Reference: Food as a source of nutrients. Vitamin and mineral requirements in human nutrition. Report of a joint FAO/WHO expert consultation on human vitamin and mineral requirements, Bangkok, Thailand, 21–30 September 1998. 2nd ed. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2004: 318-337.