Concepts, definitions and approaches used to define nutritional needs and recommendations

Type of Paper: Report completed by an expert consultation and published by the World Health Organization jointly with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Purpose: The goal of this report is to review the dietary requirements, including the physiological roles and recommended intakes, of vitamins and minerals in human nutrition. The report is composed of several chapters. This summary will focus on the first introductory chapter, Concepts, definitions and approaches used to define nutritional needs and recommendations. Information from this report for specific micronutrients is reviewed in the individual summaries for each nutrient.

Introduction to Dietary Requirements of Vitamins and Minerals

Select Terms Used to Describe Dietary Requirements: The following are terms that are commonly used when discussing the recommended intakes for individual nutrients.

Dietary Intake Assessments

Conclusions

Reference: Concepts, definitions and approaches used to define nutritional needs and recommendations. Vitamin and mineral requirements in human nutrition. Report of a joint FAO/WHO expert consultation on human vitamin and mineral requirements, Bangkok, Thailand, 21–30 September 1998. 2nd ed. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2004:1-16.